Jarman Family History

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RICHARD JARMAN & HENRY JARMAN

 

This page covers Richard Jarman and Henry Jarman, sons of Robert Jarman, Sen. (1775-1858). For Richard Jarman and Henry Jarman's birth and early life, see History page 4. Richard Jarman was an engraver and lived in London until he emigrated to Tasmania. Henry Jarman was a carpenter and also lived in London until he emigrated to Melbourne, Australia.

 

   Richard Jarman (1807-1877) & his descendants in Tasmania, New Zealand & South Africa

  One of Richard Jarman's maps:  Collins' Illustrated Atlas of London, 1854                 

 

 

Richard Jarman (born 1807, London - see Page 4), became an “engraver, schoolteacher, writer and poet”.[1]  But his principal occupation, for which he became well-known, was as a map maker, artist, and engraver, [2] and examples of his work survive.


Early Life

 

In May 1830, at the age of 23, Richard Jarman married Ann Busher (also called Bouchier, probably from a Huguenot family)[3] and over the next twenty years, they had nine children.[4]

 

He appears to have established his business premises as an engraver in the St Bartholomew’s area of the City by 1836[5] and continued in business there to the late 1850s.[6]  However, he lived in suburbs or villages in the North or East of the City: in 1838 he is a resident of Tottenham,[7] in 1848 he had moved to the village of Edmonton (not far from Tottenham),[8] and by 1851 he moved to the village of Bow, east of the City.[9]

 

During this time, Richard Jarman's reputation as a map engraver grew.  In 1854, The Collins’ Illustrated Atlas of London, which Richard had drawn (and for which he claimed to conduct the original survey), was published.[10]   The design revolutionized urban maps and was the first pocket atlas of London.  Prof. H.J. Dyos, in the introduction to the 1973 re-publication, commented that it “remains in a class of its own, the prototype of that now indispensable thing, a pocket atlas.”


 

 

 

Frontispiece and page from The Collins' Illustrated Atlas of London, 1854

Richard Jarman appears to have had creative aspirations in other areas, including writing poems and short stories for a number of London magazines.[11]   In 1831 he published a 134-page poem entitled Omnipotence![12]  In the Preface, Richard says that he wrote the poem when he was 19 (five years earlier) for a literary periodical called The Olio. He may have also inherited his father’s radicalism as he apparently became a Unitarian.[13]  Unitarianism, or ‘English Presbyterianism’ as it was sometimes known, was originally a non-conformist Protestant denomination which rejected the doctrine of the Trinity. (To do so was a criminal offence in England until 1813.)  However, at this time, Unitarianism was developing into a more ‘free Christian’ and liberal set of beliefs that was tending towards ‘universal theism’ or even humanism.[14]

 

 

Emigration to Tasmania

  Hobart, 1830                                           

 

Despite his apparent commercial success, Richard Jarman decided to emigrate to Tasmania in 1857 at the age of 49.  In August of that year, he and his family (with the exception of his eldest son, Edwin Jarman, who remained in England and took over his father’s business[15]) arrived in Hobart Town on the Sir W. F. Williams after a three month voyage from Liverpool.[16]  Hobart had been founded as a penal colony in 1803 and, in fact, penal transportation to Van Dieman’s Land (as Tasmania had been known) had ended only four years before Richard had arrived.[17]  It was still a ‘frontier’ town. 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                               Richard Jarman's map of Hobart, 1858

 

 

 

 

 

 

Richard Jarman successfully established his business in Hobart, publishing a map of the town in the following year. At the time, The Hobart Town Advertiser described it as “one of the best [maps] which has yet made its appearance” and “very useful and valuable”.[18]

 
Operating from an office at 46 Murray Street for most of the rest of his career, Richard drew and engraved many prints, billheads, business cards and Hobart’s original seal with its coat of arms.[19]

 

Richard Jarman died in 1877 in Hobart. His obituary in the Tasmanian Tribune said he “was well and deservedly respected by a wide circle of friends. He leaves a large family.” [20]    See Family Tree 5 for his descendants.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Richard Jarman's engraving of an early steamship, 1858                

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Of his children, one son, Owen Jarman, remained in Hobart and became an engraver.  His business was still going in 1933[21] and he died in 1938.  Another, Alfred Jarman became a surveyor in the New Zealand Lands Department.[22]   In the 1860s he produced a map of the province of Canterbury.[23] 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Edwin Jarman & his descendants in South Africa

 

Edwin Jarman - Richard Jarman’s eldest son who had remained in England - had become an engraver as well.  As mentioned above, he had taken over his father’s business when Richard left for Tasmania.  The year after his father and the rest of the family had left for Tasmania, Edwin Jarman married Martha Davidson.[24]   In 1861 they were living in Hackney to the east of London and had had two children.[25]

 

However, later that year Edwin and his family emigrated themselves, but, in their case, to Cape Town, South Africa. Edwin had a large family in Cape Town - see Family Tree 5 -and continued his profession as an engraver. He died in 1894.[26]

 

                The Frank Jarman Memorial, Table Mountain, Cape Town

 

 

 

One of his children, Frank Jarman, became known as a forester and was responsible for planting Cape Town’s Table Mountain with pines and gum trees. After his death in a forest fire on the mountain in 1904, a memorial to him was erected which said that “he found these barren stony slopes treeless; he left them covered with forest”.  However, in modern times he has been severely criticized for adversely changing the natural ecology of the mountain by his heavy planting of alien tree species, for example this Pretoria News article from 2001



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Henry Jarman (1812-1873) & his descendants

 in Australia and New Zealand

 

 

Henry Jarman became a carpenter, like his father, and married in 1839 Emma Jane Lipscomb.[27]   Henry and Emma married in a Unitarian chapel, suggesting that he, like his brother Richard Jarman, had become a Unitarian.  (Richard and Henry appear to have been close; Henry and his family were living with Richard in 1841.[28]) During the 1840’s, Henry Jarman and Emma had four children in London, although one died in infancy.[29]

Melbourne, 1840s                 

At the end of the 1840s, Henry Jarman decided to emigrate to Melbourne, Australia (which had been founded as recently as 1835).  It may be that the reason for this decision was the prolonged slump in the building trades in London at the time. Certainly, as mentioned elsewhere, his half-brother Robert Jarman junior and his father (Robert Jarman senior) were experiencing severe economic difficulties.  In 1849, Henry Jarman and Emma (who was heavily pregnant) and their three surviving children sailed to Australia as “assisted immigrants” on the clipper, Mohammed Shah.   “Assisted immigration” meant that the colony subsidised the passage fare in return for a work commitment when the immigrant arrived.  Their fifth child, Amelia Elmore Jarman, was born at sea on the voyage. 



 

In Melbourne, Henry Jarman and Emma had at least two more children.[30]   Henry Jarman died in February 1873 aged 61. 

 

Henry Jarman’s three sons, William Jarman, Edward Jarman and George Jarman stayed in Melbourne and each married and had extensive families in Australia.  See Family Tree 8 for Henry Jarman's descendants.

 

 

 

                                  Henry Jarman's son William Jarman (seated 2nd row, 2nd from right) and his family, about 1910.  See Family Tree 8a

Ten months after Henry Jarman died, one of his daughters, Amelia Jarman, married John Cassilis Seelye on Christmas Day 1873.[31]  The following year John Seelye and Amelia moved with her mother, Emma Jane Jarman, to Dunedin, New Zealand.  Dunedin had been experiencing rapid growth following the discovery of gold in the previous decade.  There, John Seelye established a clothes' manufacturing business which became very successful. Emma Jane died in 1901, but John and Amelia Seelye had a very large family in Dunedin, with many descendants living in Australia and New Zealand. Information on the Seelye family in New Zealand can be found at http://www.seeley-society.net/

See Family Tree 8b for Amelia Elmore Jarman's descendants and the Seelye family.


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[1]More old Tasmanian Prints… by Clifford Craig - Launceston, Tasmania 1984

[2] Obituary in the Hobart Tribune dated 14.5.1877

[3] St Dunstan, Stepney, marriage register 26.5.1830

[4] Richard b. 1831 cited in IGI (the International Genealogical Index available at www.familysearch.org), but nowhere else, Edwin (b.28.12.1833, IGI, consistent with 1851 census return HO107/1555 f.127), Owen (b.16.2.1848, birth cert.), Alfred (b.1835); 1851 census as before), George (b.1837; 1851 census), Ellen (b.27.7. 1843; birth cert.), Sidney (b.1844; 1851 census); Frank (b.1845; 1851 census) and Alice (b.1850; 1851 census)

[5] Pigot’s Directory for that year, Guildhall Library (GL)

[6] He is continuously in this area in the Trades pages of the annual London Postal Directories until 1857.

[7] Tottenham Hale Rate book, Bruce Castle Museum, Lordship Lane, London N17 8NU

[8] Birth certificate of his son Owen, 16.2.1848

[9] 1851 Census, The National Archive (TNA)  HO 107/1555 f.127

[10] Re-published in 1973 by the Leicester University Press.

[11] From his obituary in the Hobart Tribune dated 14.5.1877. It also says he continued to publish his writing in Hobart, after he emigrated.

[12] A copy of which is in the British Library.

[13] From his obituary in the Hobart Tribune dated 14.5.1877

[14] The Unitarians by J & R Goring, 1984

[15] Post Office Directories 1857-1859 list Edwin as an engraver operating from Richard’s old business address, 10 Bartholomew’s Close

[16] Left Liverpool on 27 May and arrived in Hobart on 18 August 1857, The Hobart Town Mercury, 19 August 1857

[17] The Oxford Companion to Australian History by Davison, Hirst & MacIntyre

[18] 11 Nov. 1858

[19] More old Tasmanian Prints… by Clifford Craig - Launceston, Tasmania 1984

[20] The Hobart Tribune dated 14.5.1877; according to the obituary he died 12.5.1877.

[21] He appears in the Tasmania Post Office Directory for that year

[22] More old Tasmanian Prints…, as above

[23] Map of the Province of Canterbury, New Zealand… by J.S. Browning, Survey Office ; drawn by Alfred Jarman, Survey Office, Christchurch  in National Library of Australia catalogue: http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/2775491?lookfor=author:%22Jarman,%20Alfred%22&offset=2&max=2

[24] 14 October 1858, Parish Church of South Hackney (Marriage cert., which states his occupation)

[25] Edwin (b. 3 Nov. 1860) and Fanny (b. abt 1858) shown in 1861 census RG9/157 f.34

[26] This information comes from one of his descendants – see Acknowledgements by returning to Home page; he appears as an engraver in the Cape Almanac of 1891, with his residence in Rondebosch where he and Martha are buried.

[27] 3.8.1839 at Little Carter Lane English Presbyterian or Unitarian Chapel, London.

[28] 1841 census HO 107/698/7 f.20

[29] William Henry (b. 21.6.1840); Kate (b.app. 1843, died before 1849) Edward (b. app.1845) and Frederick (b. app. 1847).  This and the rest of the information on Henry comes from his descendants in Australia and New Zealand – see Acknowledgements on the Home page.

[30] Louis (b.1854) and George (b.1859)

[31] At Emerald Hill, Melbourne